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Deutch als Fremdsprache (DaF)

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Modal verb list (helping verbs):

  • The modal verbs are a special class of auxiliary (helping) verbs used mostly to express properties such as possibility and obligation.
  • Modal verbs are used to refer to the three periods of time: past, present, and future.
  • Modal verbs are called “defective verbs” because they can not be conjugated in all of the tenses.

German Modal Verbs

  1. dürfen – allow to
  2. können – be able to do, can, could
  3. mögen – to like
  4. müssen – to have to do
  5. sollen – should, shall, to be supposed to
  6. wollen – to want

Level 1.1 [1a] verb list:

The Level 1.1 [1a] DaF verb list is a collection of the most common verbs in the German language. Level 1.1 articles will only use words from the Level 1.1 [1a] verb list and the modal (m) verb list.

  1. backen – to bake
  2. bezahlen– to pay
  3. bleiben– to remain, to stay
  4. brauchen– to need
  5. essen– to eat
  6. fahren– to drive, to go (by vehicle)
  7. finden– to find
  8. fragen– to ask
  9. geben– to give
  10. gehen– to go (by foot)
  11. haben– to have
  12. kaufen– to buy
  13. kommen– to come
  14. kosten– to cost
  15. machen– to make, to do
  16. nehmen– to take
  17. sagen– to say
  18. sehen– to see
  19. sein– to be
  20. sprechen– to speak
  21. trinken– to drink
  22. vergessen– to forget
  23. werden– to become
  24. wohnen– to live
  25. zeigen– to show

Level 1.2 [1b] verb list:

The Level 1.2 [1b] DaF verb list is a collection of some of the most common verbs in the German language. In most cases, Level 1.2 articles will use words from the Level 1.1 [1a], Level 1.1 [1b] and the modal [m] verb lists. Verbs from other lists will be annotated.

  1. arbeiten – to work
  2. aufwachen – to wake (up)
  3. bekommen – to get, to receive
  4. bestellen – to order (something)
  5. besuchen – to visit (someone, something)
  6. bringen – to bring (something)
  7. schlafen – to sleep
  8. suchen – to look (for), to search
  9. verstehen – to understand
  10. warten – to wait